The Talibé are children that are sent by there families to Marabout in order for them to get the Koranic education they need.One of the reasons for that are the deep rooted traditions between Marabous and families in Senegal, in Senegal Marabous are highly regarded and respect in the community.
The Marabout teaches the children how to read and write in Arabic in order for them to memorize the Koran. The Marabout also teaches them to live by two principal of Islam which are Humility and Endurance, through this learning process they are exposed to harsh living conditions and often have to beg on the streets. It is easy to recognize them in the streets of Dakar, they usually have red can to collect coins.
But the truth is far from that, they are barely literate and spend most of their time under the blazing, with open palms begging tourist or Resident. The conditions in which they live are complicated there body is constantly infected by numerous diseases.
Scource: Street Children of Senegal by Jhon Balonze (book)\